The history of the appearance of the Siberian cat
One of the oldest breeds known to man, formed naturally. Many legends and myths have developed about the appearance of this cat next to a person. The characteristic appearance and powerful large body gave rise to a legend about its relationship with the Siberian lynx.
But the Siberians themselves in ancient times called this cat Bukhara, who came from Bukhara, foreign. The first mention in manuscript sources of this domestic animal dates back to the sixteenth century. It is not possible to establish the exact time of appearance of the species. The population of Siberia mainly led a nomadic lifestyle, there were only a few large settlements – camps (the headquarters of the khans), where livestock, dogs and cats were kept.
There are several versions of how a long-haired cat was able to get into the taiga and survive there. Three of them deserve attention:
- They appeared in Russia in the eleventh and twelfth centuries as Byzantine gifts to the ruling princes. Persian cats actively interbred with semi-wild forest cats.
- Domestic cats of immigrants to Siberia from the West naturally crossed with wild forest cats, the genotype changed, adapting to harsh climatic conditions.
- The progenitors of the Siberian cats were brought by Eastern merchants during the period of active trade (the Silk Road) and have Asian roots. It is very likely that Siberian, Persian and Angora cats have common roots. Animals adapted to local conditions in the process of natural mutation. Snow, frost, long winter in the territories of the Urals and Siberia contributed to the appearance in the animal of long wool with a water-repellent property and a thick warm undercoat that warms the animal in bad weather. And Vologda merchants brought Bukhara kittens to middle and central Russia.
The unconditional hunting gift of these mighty beauties has always been highly valued by man and is their indisputable advantage. During the WWII, these cats saved the country from the invasion of rodents. After the liberation of Leningrad from the blockade, furry Siberians were given as a gift to the inhabitants of the city for the next battle for human life – this time with rats.
The path of the official formation of the breed:
- The first of the first was the cat Roman (born in 1987). In the same year, the first nursery “Nevsky”was opened in Germany. In 1989, felinologists of the Soviet Union proposed the name of the breed “Moskovskaya”, it was rejected and officially fixed “Siberian”.
- In 1992 Siberian Dimka Laskovy Zver became the first World Champion in the WCF system.
- One of the subspecies of the Siberian, the Nevsky Masquerade, is registered as a separate breed.
- 1995 – the first monobreed exhibition “Siberian miracle”began its work in Moscow.
- In 1996, the official registration of the breed in the international felinological system TICA.
- 1997 – recognition in the FIFe association and the opening of the first club of breed lovers.
- 2006 – recognition by the American CFA system. Siberian Fenya Rys wins world and European championship titles.
Due to the unique appearance and character that deserves respect, the Siberian cat has repeatedly become the hero of folk tales and even entered the classical literature – it was he who became the prototype of the “scientist cat”from A. S. Pushkin’s poem “Ruslan and Lyudmila”.
General characteristics, breed standard
General characteristics of the Siberian cat: a powerful muscular animal of medium to large size, with a good-natured expression of the muzzle, semi-long hair. Animals of late development – the final formation of an individual is completed by the age of five.
Description of the external characteristics of the Siberian Cat breed according to the TICA feline system:
- Head. Triangular with rounded transitions. The forehead is wide, the chin is narrow. Cheeks are large, rounded. The forehead is flat, goes to the nose calmly.
- Ears. Medium, widely spaced, tapering to a rounded tip. Slight lean forward. From the inside, heavily pubescent, tassels at the ends are welcome.
- Nose. Of medium length and width, the line of transition from the forehead to the nose is smooth with a slight break. In line with the chin.
- Chin. Well developed, strong, rounded.
- Mustache. The whiskers are clearly defined, well developed.
- Eyes. Round shape, round are acceptable. Slightly tapered towards the outer corner. Any color, regardless of coat color.
- Neck. Powerful, medium length. Visually it seems shorter due to the large fur “collar”.
- Body. The skeleton is medium, the muscles are well developed. The back is wider than the front. It gives the impression of power, heaviness and strength, especially in cats.
- Paws. The back is longer than the front. Length – medium, wide and powerful, pads with edging between the fingers, powerful.
- Tail. Shorter than the length of the body, wide, evenly pubescent, the tip is rounded.
- Wool. It consists of a semi-long main hair – hard and shiny, with water-repellent properties. The undercoat is double. Its density depends on the season. In warm weather – short, in winter and autumn – voluminous, long, very warm. Characterized by a lush “collar”, wide “pants”on the hind legs, the tail is pubescent in a plume type. Subject to seasonal molting.
- Colors. Numerous and varied – black, blue, red, tortie, tabby, others.
- Weight. They differ greatly by gender. Females up to six, males up to twelve kilograms.
- Crossbreeding is allowed only intrabreed.
Disadvantages – poorly formed axial hair or undercoat of insufficient length. Poorly developed cheeks, chin, body. Ears set too close together, too long, too small and low. Short tail, small paws, graceful build, too long neck.
- Excessively even profile or snub nose like the Persians
- Elongated narrow head, giving the impression of lightness
- Small deep-set eyes
- Poor quality wool, health problems
Disadvantages – poorly formed axial hair or undercoat of insuf
Siberian cat’s character
The nature of these cats is independent and proud, but absolutely not arrogant.
Their main qualities:
- Excellent and strong hunters will rid any house of rats and mice forever. Exterminate completely and scare away forever. This instinct is so strongly developed that it surpasses it even in dogs. The Siberian cat is able to catch a rabbit, a large bird, a hamster. Therefore, with caution, you should introduce him to parrots or rodents, pets. Silent, but able to warn the owner of the danger.
- Absolutely fearless, like faithful dogs, they will rush to protect themselves from someone else’s child or owner.
- Siberians are very smart and easy to train. The harness will most likely be abandoned due to the independence of temperament.
- Absolutely not picky. They eat everything, play with any object.
- They love heights. Capable of high jumps. Strong powerful paws and a natural sense of balance allow these hunters to be considered excellent climbers.
- They are attached to one owner, but they know and love all family members. At the same time, they are absolutely not intrusive, they will leave at the slightest hint that they are tired of them.
- They are friendly and peaceful – they are in excellent contact with both small children and representatives of other animals.
Features of care and maintenance
Very warm wool with excellent water-repellent properties requires special conditions for keeping and caring for a pet.
- These animals need quite long walks outside. It is more convenient to keep such a handsome man in a private house. And in urban conditions, the owner needs to walk with him.
- They are well trained to the toilet, but prefer to relieve themselves in the fresh air. In an apartment, it makes sense to put the tray on a balcony or loggia. curious cat
- Do not cut your pet’s claws – the hunter’s instinct may suffer. The cat is learning to use the scratching post very well.
- The pet’s coat needs careful care only during molting – in spring and autumn. Then it should be combed at least twice a week. First, with a rare metal comb, then with a characteristic massage brush with frequent metal teeth. Remove the remnants of the crawled out wool with special gloves. For shine, a velvet napkin is carried out on a fur coat.
- The Siberian cat does not need bathing, although he is not afraid of water.
- The condition of the ears and eyes must be monitored by examining and, if necessary, cleaning them weekly.
Proper nutrition and health
Meat, in order to avoid the risk of pet diseases with intestinal infections, should be well frozen and washed with running water. Until the age of six months, the kitten is fed five times a day, then transferred to two meals a day. Cats of this breed were formed as a result of long natural mutations, in a natural way. Therefore, they do not have genetic and other diseases inherent in the species.
The few cases of birth defects in appearance are explained either by the mismatch of parental genotypes, or by random factors.
Good appetite, especially in urban environments, when the cat lacks physical activity, sometimes leads to obesity. You should carefully monitor your pet’s diet.
Otherwise, the requirements for maintaining the health of a pet are the same as for other breeds:
- every three months to carry out deworming from helminths;
- treat in a timely manner from external parasites, especially important for walking cats;
- vaccinate annually against rabies and known viral infections.